Safety 2

continued from Safety(1)

passing rifle

passing over a fence correctly (note bolt open)


  • Ensure that the firearm is pointing in a safe direction at all times. i.e so that even if it were to go off it would not cause injury or damage. This should be done:
    • Irrespective of load status
    • By controlling where the muzzle is pointing at all times
    • By handling a firearm at all times as if a round were in the chamber (Stage 4 or 5*).
  • Know the status of your own and any firearm in your presence at all times.
    • Do not be embarrassed to check the status of your firearm and safety catch, or that of others, and do so frequently.
    • Inform others in your party of any changes in status.
    • Before giving or receiving a firearm make sure that all involved can see that the bolt is open and the chamber is clear(Stage 1 or 2*).
    • When moving forward after a shot is taken, make sure the rifleman leads, in case a follow-up shot is required.
  • Avoid chambering a round (Stage 4 or 5*) until the last possible moment. The time of this will vary for different types of stalking.
    • Only disengage the safety catch when just about to take the shot. (Change Stage from 4 to 5*).
    • Apply the safety catch as soon as the opportunity for a shot passes.
    • If stalking with a rifle with a chambered round (Stage 4*), keep the safety catch applied, and the rifle slung securely over one shoulder.
    • If shooting from a vehicle, a round should only be chambered (Stage 4 or 5*) just before a shot is being taken when the muzzle is located outside the vehicle.
  • Concentrate and remain calm and unhurried when handling firearms
  • Ensure that you know how the rifle works and operates. Know
    • How the basic parts work
    • How to safely open and close the action
    • How to disengage a set trigger if fitted
    • How to remove rounds from the rifle or magazine
  • Carry only the correct ammunition for the firearm.
    • Ensure this is clean and undamaged
    • Carry in a bullet pouch or spare magazine
    • After each outing, ensure that all ammunition is accounted for
  • Ensure the rifle chamber is empty (Stage 1, 2 or 3*) and the Stage of the rifle is known by all present before:
    • crossing any major obstacle (.i.e. fence, stream, ditch);
    • laying down a firearm e.g to gralloch;
    • climbing into a high seat;
    • entering a vehicle;
    • handing it to another person
    It may be acceptable to hand over a rifle with a chambered round and the safety catch on (Stage 4*) for example, before the culmination of a stalk. Ensure that this procedure has been rehearsed with a rifle with no bolt and no rounds in chamber or magazine (Stage 1*). Ensure that the safety catch is on before passing the firearm.

passing rifle wrong

passing over a fence incorrectly

  • Before taking a shot:
    • Ensure your rifle bore is not blocked and line of fire is free from obstruction. When crawling, a purpose made muzzle cap, or a piece of tape or cling film, is strongly recommended on non-moderated rifles. If the bore becomes obstructed, remove bolt and rounds in the chamber and magazine (Stage 1*) and clean the rifle properly before further use.
    • Do not use the scope for spotting before you have started culling.
    • Ensure targets have been identified beyond any doubt.
    • Ensure targets have a safe backstop.
    • Keep your finger off the trigger until ready to fire.
    • Put off the safety catch only when in a stable firing position, when the rifle is pointing at the target and when a shot is about to be taken.
  • Be aware of the dangers of noise.
    • Even when sound moderators are in use, seek guidance1 on wearing hearing protection in the presence of firearms.
    • Ensure that levels of noise conform to The Control of Noise at Work Regulations 2005 2.
    • Ensure that hearing protection is worn where required and that others in close proximity also do so.
  • Ensure the firearm is safe to operate through regular maintenance **
  • In the case of a misfire, keep the muzzle pointing in a safe direction until it has been made safe. Open the chamber, keeping your face and body away from the chamber port. Lift the bolt swiftly and cleanly upwards by the fingertips, minimising any exposed body parts to any blast from the chamber port.
  • Ensure that firearms are securely stored when not in use or when being transported to prevent access by unauthorised persons. Rifles should be stored and transported with the bolt removed and no rounds in the chamber or magazine (Stage 1*).
  • Ensure that the bolt and rounds in the chamber and magazine have been removed from the rifle (Stage 1*) before entering a building.


the sightline of this shot sees over the boulder, whilst the line of the bullet clips into it

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